• A one percent Tobin tax to finance the fight against climatic instability
    Sahara is the largest arid desert in the world ; its recent progression, due to human action, is a blatant example of climatic change. Saharan climate engineering is a set of pragmatic projects intended to locally and durably improve the Saharan climate. These are only parts of the solutions for a geoclimatic, socioeconomic readjustment of sustainable development. To have this desert becoming green again, even partially, is only one of its goal ; it is a tangible hope. 1) Projects undertaken The Great Green Wall, 15 km wide and 7500 km long, is intended to stop the desertification of the Sahel. The project started in Senegal but is held up through lack of finance. Sahara forest project with The Peace Canal : Starting from Aqaba, will bring water from the Red Sea to the Dead Sea with increasing salinity along the route : vegetable production thanks to desalination, hydro and solar power production, green jobs. Norway and Qatar ( with pilot experimentation more than successful ) supporting the project. The Toshka lakes, bypass from Lake Nasser and the New Valley Project will allow an increase of at least 10 % of the agricultural area of Egypt and will accommodate up to 3 millions persons. Desertec : Will produce solar and wind power and will supply DC power to the Maghreb and to Europe. Siemens is investing in the project. 2) Projects waiting for feasibility studies : Seawater Greenhouse, for arid coasts : desalination and market gardening... Flooding the depressions of Qattara (Egypt) with Mediterranean water brought by canals. Some 2000 km2 of evaporation zone could be obtained ( the evaporation of water absorbs some heat ) ; allowing condensation by a number of solar updraft tower with vortex on artificial lagoons. Thus quantity of steam would be sent high in the atmosphère and would condense due to the cold. This condensation could produce : dew clouds, resulting in less heat rainfalls, therefore vegetation Flooding of the Chotts, West of Gabes, in Tunisia and Algeria, thanks to canals and powerful pumps that could provide an enormous evaporation zone (9000 km2) with the same condensation effects thanks to a number of vortex towers. Hundreds of tousands of cubic meters of water from the Mediterranean Sea would be used a day and would thus act, even if in a limited way, against the rise of oceans. That would also be a stocking zone in saline ground for a number of pollutants from the Mediterranean Sea. SaharaCenterCity : a new town in the depth of Sahara fit for a number of institutions and international events, a pole of socioeconomic development. This implies a lasting stabilisation of Libya and the bordering countries, wich is not obvious nowadays. This is a visionary concept, an international Brasilia. If you agree with this Tobin tax being useful and with the developments it could finance, in particular in the Sahara, sign this petition and talk about it around you so as to launch a movement of opinion before the Conférence on the climate, COP 21 in Paris in December 2015. We do not claim to propose a solution to all the problems of the world, but the multifactorial elements of response strategy in the current situation and to come.
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    Created by Jean-Luc Hedde Picture
  • No to oil sponsorship of Student Pride
    There is no pride in taking sponsorship money from companies with such appalling environmental and human rights record. Turning a never ending global environmental catastrophe into a trusted brand takes talent – and now BP is trying to "pinkwash" its dirty brand by sponsoring LGBT student events. BP sponsorship has become an increasingly controversial issue in recent years. Institutions like Tate and British Museum have been the scene of a series of environmental protests over the fact that they take BP sponsorship money. Tate recently lost a three year legal battle over its refusal to disclose how much money it was receiving from BP. BP’s sponsorship programme enables it to gain a level of social legitimacy that it does not deserve given that it has been responsible for a series of environmental catastrophes like the Deepwater Horizon disaster in the Gulf of Mexico, and that it has been identified as the corporation that has been historically responsible for the third largest amount of the greenhouse gases that are causing climate change. Archbishop Desmond Tutu recently called for an ‘anti-apartheid style boycott’ of the institutions that are taking sponsorship money from BP. More info: http://www.lgbp.info/
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    Created by NoPride inBP
  • Faça com que a exploração de Fracking seja banido do Brasil
    De onde vem e para onde vai a água utilizada na exploração do gás de xisto? Essas questões geram frequentes polêmicas e debates, uma vez que produtos químicos são utilizados nesse tipo de extração. De acordo com o conselheiro da Sociedade Brasileira para o Progresso da Ciência (SBPC), o pesquisador Jailson de Andrade, ainda faltam estudos criteriosos sobre o assunto. Andrade alerta, sobretudo, para a carência de informações que identifiquem onde as jazidas de gás natural estão localizadas e se estão perto de aquíferos importantes. “Os estudos realizados até agora são contestados. Não se sabe para onde vai a água contaminada por produtos químicos utilizados na exploração do gás. Ainda não há uma experiência no Brasil que possa se tomar como base. Falta informação”, diz. Apesar de os dados ainda serem imprecisos, existem companhias ansiosas por entrarem em processos licitatórios de exploração do gás de xisto no Brasil, e outras vislumbrando lucros para despoluir a água e as áreas porventura afetadas pela sua extração. O pesquisador observa, no entanto, que não há tecnologia para despoluir os aquíferos, caso eles sejam atingidos. Para Andrade, esse é um dos pontos cruciais a serem resolvidos. “A exploração do gás de xisto sem critério afetará a água sob nosso solo, já que a rocha a ser fraturada (o folhelho Irati) encontra-se a algumas centenas de metros abaixo do aquífero Guarani, na bacia geológica do Paraná”, detalhou. O Guarani é uma das maiores reservas subterrâneas de água doce do mundo. Tem a capacidade de abastecer, de forma sustentável, muitos milhões de habitantes, com trilhões de metros cúbicos de água doce por ano. No Brasil, está no subsolo dos estados de São Paulo, Goiás, Minas Gerais, Mato Grosso, Mato Grosso do Sul, Paraná, Santa Catarina e Rio Grande do Sul. Na visão de parlamentares, estudiosos e pesquisadores, essa riqueza pode estar ameaçada por uma enorme pressão econômica, a exemplo do que já ocorre nos Estados Unidos. A exploração de xisto utiliza o método de fraturação hidráulica, chamado em inglês de “fracking”. Trata-se de injeção de toneladas de água, sob altíssima pressão, misturada com areia e produtos químicos, com o objetivo de quebrar a rocha e liberar o gás nela aprisionado. Nos EUA, 90% dos poços de gás de xisto são perfurados com a utilização dessa técnica. Esse tipo de extração utiliza vinte vezes mais recursos hídricos do que as técnicas convencionais. Com isso, as pequenas cidades norte-americanas nos arredores dos poços de gás de xisto enfrentaram problemas de falta d’água para consumo e agricultura, além da contaminação dos aquíferos subterrâneos e das reservas de água potável. Mas a falta de água não é o único problema. Destacam-se ainda, a excessiva circulação de caminhões, a injeção de fluidos que provocam pequenos abalos sísmicos, a ausência de regulamentação, a presença na água de pequenas quantidades de produtos químicos e metais pesados cancerígenos, bem como a acumulação de metano, que pode provocar explosões. “Há um estudo da National Academy of Science, nos Estados Unidos, que mostra que, em 141 poços de água potável na Pensilvânia, quanto mais próximo de áreas de exploração de gás não convencional, maior a quantidade de metano (tóxico e inflamável) na água”, informou Jailson. “A controvérsia na literatura é se isso já existia antes ou se é resultado da perfuração para obtenção de gás”, observou Andrade. Nomenclatura equivocada – Há uma longa e equivocada tradição brasileira de se chamar o folhelho (shale) de xisto (schist). Apesar disso, os especialistas esclarecem que é incorreto chamar o gás de folhelho de gás de xisto: “O xisto é uma rocha metamórfica que sofreu grandes transformações geológicas, não possibilitando a geração de gás; o folhelho, por sua vez, é uma rocha sedimentar com grande quantidade de matéria orgânica que dá origem ao gás”, explica Jailson Andrade. O gás de folhelho, encontrado em áreas de permeabilidade relativa e também chamado de “gás de xisto”, é um dos três tipos de gases não convencionais cuja ocorrência não está associada a bolsões de gás armazenados a partir das camadas de petróleo. Estas produzem o gás fóssil convencional, encontrado na plataforma continental e em outras regiões do Brasil. Os demais gases não convencionais são o confinado (tight gas), com ocorrência em rochas impermeáveis ou de baixa permeabilidade, e o metano associado a camadas de carvão. Camila Cotta, especial para o Jornal da Ciência/SBPC EcoDebate, 14/08/2014
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    Created by 350.org Brasil
  • Utrecht University: Go Fossil Free!
    Utrecht University facilitates some of the best research institutes on sustainable development and climate change in the world, and supplies its students with top-ranking education on the topics. Additionally, it opened the Green Office Utrecht in 2013 to create a platform for students and staff where sustainable ideas are shaped, plans are put together, and projects are launched; all with the objective of making the University more sustainable. Yet Utrecht University and its employees are still contributing to climate change indirectly. Utrecht University invests in the fossil fuel industry indirectly through Rabobank, and its staff and faculty do so through the pension fund ABP, which holds over 33 million euro in fossil fuel investments, in companies in like Shell. Investments in fossil fuel companies are morally wrong, because they endanger the future of people and our planet and block the transition to a sustainable energy network. These investments are not only unethical, but also risky. To achieve the UN’s target of keeping global temperature rise below 2°C, around 80% of the fossil fuel reserves currently mapped can never be burnt. Leading research warns of the ‘Carbon Bubble’, much like the Dot-Com Bubble of the 90s, where fossil fuel investments will quickly lose their value as a result of global climate change policy. The ‘Carbon Bubble’ poses a risk for the University’s financial health and that of its employees’ pensions.
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    Created by Utrecht University Fossil Free Picture
  • Support President Anote Tong of Kiribati for the 2015 Nobel Peace Prize
    President Tong’s country, the Pacific island nation of Kiribati, is one of the first places to confront sea level rise and other devastating real-life consequences of climate change. President Tong is worthy of the Nobel Peace prize because he plays a significant and constructive role in meeting the challenges of climate change by taking every opportunity to help create a new understanding of global warming in industrialised nations. President Tong has joined with other leaders of Small Island States to lobby for the United Nations to address Climate Change as a threat to the security of the world’s people. He has shown himself a builder of peace and reconciliation by continually striving to strengthen co-operation between nations and encouraging dialogue at international forums. He promotes protection of the environment as a means of advancing peace and harmony among nations. From the assemblies of the United Nations to meetings of world leaders he has provided an inspirational example of principled non-violent leadership. After the failure of Copenhagen in 2009, President Tong organized the Tarawa Climate Change Conference which brought together small islands states and large polluting nations to find common agreement, now enshrined in the Ambo Declaration of 2010. In addition, under his leadership Kiribati has designated and is working towards the establishment of the Phoenix Islands Protected Area (PIPA). It will be among the world’s largest environmentally protected areas. Both the Ambo Declaration and the PIPA demonstrate his leadership in showing that small nations can lead the world in taking effective action on climate change. More recently, President Tong’s leadership in setting up the Coalition of Atoll Nations, bringing the frontline most vulnerable states together, is evidence that President Tong is a catalyst the world needs now in the lead up to the climate conference in Paris in December 2015.
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  • OIL FREE SEAS Australia
    Those we have elected are failing the Australian people and they are failing the natural world. They are allowing the cruel and unnecessary slaughter of sea creatures and the ruin of undersea habitats. We demand our Governments manage natural resources and the global commons solely in the best interests of present and future citizens. Our oceans should not be exploited by individual nations or corporations but held in trust for the benefit of all and for future generations.
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    Created by OIL FREE SEAS Australia
  • Stop NH Pipeline
    Gas companies are currently exempt from the Safe Drinking Water Act and do not have to disclose the chemicals in the pipeline; a pipeline leak could contaminate water sources with undisclosed chemicals. When the pipeline is not within 220 yards of at least 10 homes, it is not inspected and incidents are not required to be reported. The Gas will not benefit our energy prices and the pipeline will cross SIX counties, the Souhegan River, numerous wetland and preservation areas and construction blast will impact school zones and private water wells. PF14-22
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    Created by Gina Frey
  • UK Election plea: Stop subsidizing oil & gas companies
    There are 2 very good reasons why this makes sense. First, the UK government subsidizes oil, coal and gas by over £2 billion every year, and the companies (like Shell, BP, Centrica etc.) will ask for even more money – that’s our tax money – this year because the oil price is low, and finding it and drilling it out of the ground is costing more. So why should we help these companies to balance their books? For the G20 countries alone – and the UK is a major member – these subsidies are a massive £59 billion ($88billion). According to The Economist, the global figure is $550 billion. As described February 3rd in The Guardian Sustainable Business, US government support for shale gas fracking in this low oil price regime is like supporting the failing banks during the mortgage crisis that led to the crash of 2008. Will our next UK government think that our own oil and gas companies are also (just like the banks) “too big to fail”? As The Economist put it, we have a once in a generation opportunity to “Seize the Day” and fix our energy policy, and why not. Secondly, and closer to our hearts, our legacy to our children and grandchildren should be a sustainable world, in which they can thrive, free from fear of war and irreversible climate change. In October 2014 Mark Carney, governor of the Bank of England, stated that the majority of burnable fossil reserves may be considered unburnable if global temperature increases are to be limited to our internationally agreed target of 2degrees Celsius. Nature Magazine’s report in January 2015 shows real data to confirm this. Also in October Rear Admiral Neil Morisetti warned MPs that global warming, particularly from global reliance on oil, natural gas and other fossil fuels would be a driver of global instability, resulting from conflict over resources, and from a growing number of “natural” disasters due to climate change. Continued reliance on fossil fuels threatens our children’s legacy of peace and sustainability. We have a golden opportunity to help secure our future; let’s stop these subsidies now.
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    Created by John Hardwick
  • Dunedin City Council: Be the first NZ city to Divest from Fossil Fuels
    Kia Kaha Dunedin City Council Dunedin City Councillors will vote whether to divest from fossil fuels sometime between April-May 2015. Oil Free Otago strongly support our Councillors and urge them to do the right thing for our climate and our future. The DCC voted in May 2014 to endorse a policy direction to develop a Socially Responsible Investment Policy for its Waipori Fund, which would intend to exclude direct investment in fossil fuel extraction, tobacco, armaments, gambling and pornography. The DCC is currently writing up a document to be presented to Council for a final vote, confirming whether Dunedin will truly become the first New Zealand city to divest from fossil fuels. Kia kaha DCC! Be the first NZ city to Divest from Fossil Fuels! We support you! Sign this petition supporting DCC's vote to divest! Like & Share on Facebook: Dunedin Divests! Write to the DCC (dcc@dcc.govt.nz) to express how important it is that the motion to divest be adopted! Contact OilFreeOtago@gmail.com to get involved! Check out who's already divested: http://gofossilfree.org/commitments/
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  • No pipeline in NH
    We value our state and want to maintain our beautiful towns, nature, and liberties. This pipeline is contrary to these ideals.
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    Created by Diane Varney-Parker Picture
  • Stop climate denial in West Virginia’s classrooms!
    West Virginia recently adopted new education standards based on the Next Generation Science Standards, which were developed to provide comprehensive, research-based science education that includes climate change -- but not before sneaking in some shocking alterations. The new standards, altered last minute at Board member Wade Linger’s request, cast doubt on climate change as a settled science. If the Board goes through with the new standards, West Virginia kids will get a dose of climate denial in their classrooms -- all because one Board member doesn’t believe in human-induced climate change. All West Virginia kids deserve an accurate, 21st-century education, and they shouldn’t have to learn false science based on standards that contain blatant errors and misrepresent the scientific consensus on climate change. There’s still time for the Board of Education to fix its errors, because the new standards won’t go into effect until next year. Sign this petition to tell the Board to correct all information related to climate change in the new standards for K-12 students in West Virginia -- and give kids the education they deserve. For more info: Climate-Change Education Advocates Denounce 'The False Science From West Virginia' | Huffington Post: http://buff.ly/1x4Zsph Climate-Change Education Advocates Denounce 'The False Science From West Virginia' | Salon: http://buff.ly/1x4ZkpN
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  • Hear My Voice. Agree on Climate Action in Paris.
    Global accords between nations take many years to develop, and many more years to ratify, implement and ultimately benefit from. This one cannot wait any longer. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) conference of the parties in Paris 2015 (COP21) is a once-in-a-lifetime opportunity for our leaders to take action and create real and lasting change that benefits everyone, everywhere. There is a lot of work left to be done. But there has also been a lot of progress since Kyoto in 1997, Copenhagen in 2009, and Lima in December 2014. Lima began the negotiation and drafting of a landmark agreement to be signed at the Paris conference. The goal is in sight. We cannot miss this opportunity. We must stand up, raise our voices, and demand that our leaders agree on climate action once and for all.
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    Created by Colin Mangham